Defensive Driving School (DDS)

DDS in a nutshell:

  • 4 hour class
  • Can be taken online or in person
  • Can take it once every 12 months to get a civil moving violation dismissed.
  • Costs $200+, depending on the court handling your ticket.

Defensive Driving School is a statutory creation and is covered in A.R.S. 28-3391 through 28-3399. Defensive driving school, also referred to as defensive driving diversion, is a diversion program. When you receive a civil moving violation, like a ticket for speeding or running a red light, you can opt to take a 4-hour defensive driving class in lieu of paying the ticket fine and receiving points on your license.  You cannot go to defensive driving school for non-moving violations like failing to provide proof of financial responsibility or driving on an expired registration.  Once you complete the defensive driving class, the class provider will notify the court, and the court will then dismiss your ticket.  The only cost to you is the cost of the class and the ticket will not show up on your driving record.

For civil moving violations, you can elect to go to defensive driving school as a matter of right – you do not need the permission of the court.  You can take the defensive driving class online or in person.  While defensive driving school is generally only available for civil moving violations, the court does have the authority to permit defensive driving school for criminal speed violations, but it is at the discretion of the court and the courts are not always inclined to allow defensive driving school as an option.  You can only go to defensive driving school once in a 12 month period and the clock starts on the date of the violation for which you attended defensive driving school.

How much does it cost?

The cost varies by court. The class provider only gets a very small portion of the total class cost. The vast majority of the fee  ($100 or more) goes to the court. About $69 goes to the State of Arizona. $20 or so goes to the class provider. The total cost of the class is going to range from less than $100 to nearly $300, depending on how much of your money the court wants. You can go here to see the different costs for the different courts.

Where can you sign up?

You can go to to find a list of class providers, or here is a class provider you can use.

Can you take defensive driving school without a license?

Yes. As long as you have a government issued ID, you will be able to take defensive driving school.

Traffic Survival School (TSS)

TSS in a nutshell:

  • 8 hour class.
  • Usually in-person and not online.
  • Required to avoid a suspension when a driver if found responsible for a red light ticket or gets too many points.
  • Costs $100.

Whereas defensive driving school is a diversion program allowing you to avoid the consequences of a civil moving violation, Traffic Survival School (TSS) is more of a punishment handed out by the Arizona Motor Vehicles Division (MVD).  TSS is an 8-hour class that must be taken in-person; it is not available online.  When you receive a traffic ticket, you are dealing with two entities who want to punish you and take your money.  First, you deal with the court which determines if you are responsible/guilty.  If you are found to be responsible or guilty, the court takes your money in the form of a fine and then notifies the MVD about your violation.  The MVD is the entity that assesses the points on your license, suspends your license, and assigns traffic survival school.

The MVD will require you to take traffic survival school for a variety of reasons.  If you are found responsible for running a stop light or stop sign, the MVD will send you a Notice of Corrective Action directing you to go to TSS.  You will also be required to take TSS for moving violations resulting in death or serious injury, aggressive driving, a first moving violation if you are under 18 years of age, DUI, and if you accumulate 8 to 12 points on your license in a 12 month period.  If you fail to attend traffic survival school, or if you are not eligible to attend traffic survival school because you already attended in the preceding 24 months, your license will be suspended.

You can go here to find available TSS classes in Arizona. If you live outside Arizona, there may be a local option available to you, see here.